Monday, 8 May 2017

ASK THE DOCTOR - Combined Birth Control Pills

What are ‘combined birth control pills’? Are they the same as oral contraceptive pills? or they are something else? How does one take these pills? How effective are they? Can they protect woman from STDs? Can any woman take it? Are there any precautions to keep in mind while taking these pills?
- Kulkarni

ASK THE DOCTOR - Combined Birth Control Pills

‘Combined birth control pills’ contain two synthetic female hormones — estrogen and progesterone. They act by stopping ovulation (release of an egg), thickening the cervical mucus to block sperms at the mouth of the uterus, and by making the lining of the uterus thinner — to prevent implantation of the fertilised ovum (zygote). The pill has to be taken very regularly from the fifth day of the menstrual cycle, one every night for 21 days. The pill does not protect a woman against STDs. The pill may add to your risk of ischaemic heart disease, including hypertension, blood clots, and blockage of the arteries. If you are over the age of 40 and if you smoke, or if you have a previous history of blood clots or breast cancer, you may be advised not to take the contraceptive pill. The pill is 95 to 99 per cent effective in preventing pregnancy if used correctly. If you choose to use a contraceptive pill, you will require a prescription from your doctor and periodic visits to your doctor to ensure you are not having any ill effects of the pill.

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